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Robert Hawke 11 Mar 1983 23rd Prime Minister
A Labor government was sworn in and Bob Hawke became Prime Minister.
Robert Hawke 11 Apr 1983 Economic summit
In an early example of his consensus approach, Prime Minister Bob Hawke called a meeting of leaders of business, government and trades unions. The meeting discussed economic strategy, the approach to unemployment and inflation, and a prices and incomes accord.
Robert Hawke 26 Sep 1983 America’s Cup comes to Fremantle
The yacht Australia II won the America’s Cup. It was the first challenger to remove the 132-year old trophy from the United States.
Robert Hawke 09 Dec 1983 Floating the dollar
The Hawke government deregulated the Australian dollar. Instead of the Reserve Bank determining its value, the international money market set the exchange rate.
Robert Hawke 01 Feb 1984 Medicare
The Medicare health scheme began operating. It replaced the Medibank scheme with one financed by a 1 per cent levy on incomes.
Robert Hawke 29 Mar 1984 Indigenous promotion
Charles Perkins became the first Indigenous person to head a Commonwealth department. He was appointed Secretary of the Department of Aboriginal Affairs.
Robert Hawke 19 Apr 1984 Let us rejoice
‘Advance Australia Fair’ was proclaimed Australia’s national anthem. This followed a decade of ongoing debate, a national opinion poll in 1974, and a plebiscite in 1977. At the same time, green and gold were proclaimed Australia’s national colours.
Robert Hawke 24 Jul 1984 Nuclear tests revisited
The Royal Commission into British Nuclear Tests in Australia was established. It was a response to widespread concern about adequate disposal of radioactive substances, the effects of exposure to ionising radiation, and the impact on traditional owners’ use of their lands. The Commission reported on 5 December 1985.
Robert Hawke 01 Oct 1984 Handback of Uluru
Governor-General Sir Ninian Stephen formally handed Pitjantjatjara traditional owners the title deeds to the Uluru area. The arrangement required a lease-back to the National Parks and Wildlife Service and joint management by members of the local Mutijulu community and the service.
Robert Hawke 01 Dec 1984 34th federal election - House of Representatives and 46 Senate seats
Labor under Prime Minister Bob Hawke won government.
Robert Hawke 01 Dec 1984 Referendum
Voters rejected two proposals at this referendum, one related to the terms of senators and the other to interchange of powers between the Commonwealth and states.
Robert Hawke 01 Jan 1985 Espionage uncovered
The 1954 records of the Royal Commission on Espionage were made public under the new Archives Act 1983. This established the ’30-year-rule’ for access to most Commonwealth records.
Robert Hawke 02 Mar 1986 Australia Acts
Australian law became independent of British parliaments and courts. Seven laws enacted by the States, British government and the final one by the Commonwealth government, severed a constitutional tie to Britain. The Australia Acts ended the inclusion into Australian law of British Acts of Parliament, and abolished remaining provisions for appeals from Australian courts to the Privy Council in London.
Robert Hawke 02 Apr 1987 No Australia Card
The Australia Card Bill was rejected by the Senate for the second time and Prime Minister Bob Hawke requested a double-dissolution of parliament. Although the national identity card was a prominent issue in campaigning for the election, it was eventually dropped by the Hawke government.
Robert Hawke 11 Jul 1987 35th federal election - House of Representatives and all 76 Senate seats
Labor under Prime Minister Bob Hawke retained government.
Robert Hawke 30 Nov 1987 Perestroika
Prime Minister Bob Hawke arrived in Moscow on an official visit for discussions on mutual trade and foreign policy. The trip was made possible by post-Cold War changes developed under Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.
Robert Hawke 09 May 1988 New Parliament House
Queen Elizabeth II ceremonially opened Australia’s new Parliament House on Capitol Hill in Canberra, above the provisional Parliament House opened by her father and mother in 1927. In 1901 her grandparents had opened Australia's first Parliament in Melbourne.
Robert Hawke 01 Aug 1988 Industrial Relations Act
Enactment of this law provided for the implementation of the government’s industrial relations reforms. It repealed the Conciliation and Arbitration Act 1904 when it came into effect the following year.
Robert Hawke 03 Sep 1988 Referendum
None of the four proposals put to voters at this referendum was carried. The proposals related to, parliamentary terms, fair and democratic parliamentary elections throughout Australia, giving constitutional recognition to local government, and rights and freedoms.
Robert Hawke 23 Nov 1988 Questacon
Prime Minister Bob Hawke opened the National Science and Technology Centre, a joint Australia-Japan Bicentennial Project.
Robert Hawke 16 Feb 1989 21st Governor-General
William Hayden served as Governor-General until 16 February 1996.
Robert Hawke 11 Dec 1989 Timor Gap Treaty
Indonesian and Australian representatives signed the Treaty in a plane above the Timor Sea, between East Timor and northern Australia. The Treaty came into force on 9 February 1991. It established a zone of cooperation in an oil-rich undersea area where the continental shelf extending from Java meets the northern Australian continental shelf.
Robert Hawke 05 Mar 1990 ATSIC established
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission began work. It was the result of a merger between the Department of Aboriginal Affairs and the Aboriginal Development Commission.
Robert Hawke 24 Mar 1990 36th federal election - House of Representatives and 40 Senate seats
Labor under Prime Minister Bob Hawke retained government.
Robert Hawke 03 Oct 1990 Fall of the Berlin Wall
After six months of negotiation, East and West Germany were reunified after 45 years. The Berlin Wall, built in 1961 to prevent people leaving Soviet East Germany, was dismantled on 9 November 1989 after the glasnost reforms of Soviet President Gorbachev thawed relations with non-communist countries.
Robert Hawke 27 Feb 1991 End of the Gulf War
The Iraqi army was defeated after US ground attacks. These followed Operation Desert Storm, a massive air strike against military targets in Iraq. Australia sent three warships to support the US-led United Nations forces in response to the invasion of Kuwait by Iraqi troops in August 1990.
Robert Hawke 15 Apr 1991 Deaths in custody
The Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody released its final report. The Commission investigated the deaths of 99 Aboriginal prisoners between 1980 and 1989. Its report comprised 11 volumes and more than 5000 pages, and included 339 recommendations.