|Andrew Fisher||13 Nov 1908||
5th Prime Minister
Andrew Fisher became Prime Minister after Labor withdrew its support from the minority Deakin government.
|Andrew Fisher||15 Dec 1908||
The Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act became law and set up a national aged pension scheme. The scheme began in July 1909 for men aged 65. Women aged 60 had to wait until December 1910, when invalid pensions were also introduced.
|Andrew Fisher||09 Mar 1909||
The Endeavour, an Australian-built hydrographic survey vessel, was the Commonwealth’s first seagoing ship. Its research work included locating fishing grounds off the east coast and in the Great Australian Bight. The ship and crew were lost at sea in 1914, while attempting to rescue a member of the Mawson Antarctic expedition.
|Andrew Fisher||29 Apr 1910||
Prime Minister for the 2nd time
Andrew Fisher was sworn in as Prime Minister for the second time. On 1 July 1910 the fourth parliament was opened, the first time a Prime Minister had a majority in both Houses.
|Andrew Fisher||30 Jun 1910||
A flying machine
The government offered 5000 pounds for the invention of a military flying machine. Australia’s first five military aircraft, ordered in 1912, were French and British designs. They were first used in 1914 at the new Central Flying School at Point Cook, Victoria, the nucleus of the Royal Australian Air Force in 1921.
|Andrew Fisher||01 Jan 1911||
Two new territories
The Northern Territory and the Federal Capital Territory were formally transferred to the Commonwealth. The territory for the new national capital included an area of 2360 square kilometres near Yass, New South Wales and a seaport at Jervis Bay.
|Andrew Fisher||26 Apr 1911||
This referendum included two proposals related to powers of the Commonwealth Parliament over trade and commerce and nationalisation of monopolies, neither of which was carried.
|Andrew Fisher||17 Jun 1911||
Suffrage in Britain
A week before the Coronation of King George V and Queen Mary, Margaret Fisher led Australian and New Zealand women in a London demonstration. Some 40,000 marched in support of a Bill granting women the right to vote. The British government did not enact the suffrage law until 1919.
|Andrew Fisher||22 Jun 1911||
King George V and Queen Mary
Prime Minister Andrew Fisher headed an Australian delegation to London, for the coronation in Westminster Abbey and celebrations in the city.
|Andrew Fisher||31 Jul 1911||
Lord Denman was Governor-General until 18 May 1914.
|Andrew Fisher||02 Dec 1911||
Australian Antarctic expedition
Douglas Mawson left Hobart in the Aurora for Macquarie Island. The expedition spent three years exploring overland and mapping some 1500 kilometres of the coast of Antarctica.
|Andrew Fisher||15 Jul 1912||
A Commonwealth bank
The Commonwealth Bank began savings bank business in Victoria. It used post offices as agencies to extend facilities to other States. Six months later, on 20 January 1913, it opened for general banking. The Prime Minister laid a foundation stone for the head office at Pitt Street and Martin Place, Sydney. It opened for business on 22 August 1916.
|Andrew Fisher||19 Sep 1912||
Wattle for the Coat of Arms
A new Commonwealth Coat of Arms was granted. This followed moves to improve the original design by adding the States’ Arms and making the kangaroo and emu more lifelike. The government had declared wattle Australia’s national flower and added it to the new design.
|Andrew Fisher||10 Oct 1912||
Maternity Allowance Act
Under this ‘baby bonus’ law mothers received 5 pounds on the birth of each child. Indigenous mothers and others not defined as citizens were ineligible for this payment.
|Andrew Fisher||02 Jan 1913||
First Australian stamp
The Fisher government issued the Commonwealth penny stamp. It featured a kangaroo on a white map of Australia. Although later stamps reintroduced the King’s head, the kangaroo design remained in use for some forty years.
|Andrew Fisher||12 Mar 1913||
‘I name this city Canberra’
The Foundation Day of the national capital was an elaborate ceremony in the empty paddock that was Capital Hill. Governor-General Lord Denman, Prime Minister Andrew Fisher and Minister for Home Affairs King O'Malley laid the foundation stones of a commemorative column. The column was never finished and the base is now in front of Parliament House.
|Andrew Fisher||03 May 1913||
5th federal election
House of Representatives and 18 Senate seats
|Andrew Fisher||31 May 1913||
None of the six proposals related to trade and commerce, corporations, industrial matters, trusts, nationalisation of monopolies or railways was carried.
|Andrew Fisher||17 Sep 1914||
Prime Minister for the 3rd time
Andrew Fisher was sworn in as Prime Minister for the third time. Labor was comfortably returned to government at Australia's first double dissolution election on 5 September.
|Andrew Fisher||09 Nov 1914||
The first Sydney
HMAS Sydney engaged the German cruiser Emden off the Cocos Islands, sinking the enemy ship in the first naval action of the war. Australians celebrated the battle as a successful test of the new Royal Australian Navy.
|Andrew Fisher||25 Apr 1915||
The Australian and New Zealand forces landed at Gallipoli. They fought a desperate campaign against Turkish forces until 20 December when 80,000 men successfully withdrew.
|Andrew Fisher||12 Jul 1915||
The Department of the Navy separated from the Defence Department and took control of broadcasting for the duration of the war. The departments merged again in 1921.