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Key people

Adermann, Albert Evan

National/Country Party Member of the House of Representatives 1972–84 (Fisher) and 1984–90 (Fairfax). Minister for the Northern Territory (22 December 1975 – 28 September 1978), Minister Assisting the Minister for National Resources (22 December 1975 – 20 December 1977), Minister Assisting the Minister for Primary Industry (20 December 1977 – 3 November 1980), Minister for Veteran's Affairs (4 July 1978 – 3 November 1980) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 183.

Anthony, John Douglas (Doug)

National/Country Party Member of the House of Representatives 1957–84 (Richmond). Member of the Executive Council without Office (18 December 1963 – 4 March 1964) in the second Menzies government, Minister for the Interior (4 March 1964 – 16 October 1967) in the second Menzies and Holt governments, Minister for Primary Industry (16 October 1967 – 5 February 1971) in the Holt, McEwen and Gorton governments, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Trade and Industry (5 February 1971 – 5 December 1972) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Deputy Prime Minister (11 November 1975 – 11 March 1983), Minister for Overseas Trade (11 November 1975 – 20 December 1977), Minister for Minerals and Energy (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for National Resources (22 December 1975 – 20 December 1977), Minister for Trade and Resources (20 December 1977 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government. Leader of the Country Party 1971–84, Anthony is the son of HL and Jessie Mary Anthony, and the father of Larry Anthony.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 55.

Anthony, Hubert Lawrence

Country Party Member of the House of Representatives 1937–57 (Richmond). Minister without portfolio assisting the Treasurer (28 October 1940 – 26 June 1941), minister without portfolio assisting the Minister for Commerce (28 October 1940 – 26 June 1941), Minister Assisting the Treasurer (26 June 1941 – 29 August 1941), Minister Assisting the Minister for Commerce (26 June 1941 – 29 August 1941) in the first Menzies government, Minister for Transport (26 June 1941 – 7 October 1941) in the first Menzies and Fadden governments, Postmaster-General (19 December 1949 – 11 January 1956), Minister for Civil Aviation (11 May 1951 – 9 July 1954) in the second Menzies government. Father of Doug Anthony.

Baume, Peter Erne

Liberal Party Senator for New South Wales 1974–91. Minister for Health (20 April 1982 – 7 May 1982), Minister for Aboriginal Affairs (3 November 1980 – 7 May 1982), Minister Assisting the Minister for National Development and Energy (3 November 1980 – 7 May 1982), Minister for Education (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 323.

Bell, Guilford

Influential Melbourne architect 1950s–1980s who favoured simple and ordered design for interiors and buildings.

Bland, Henry Armand

Secretary of the Department of Labour and National Service 1952–67 and son of FA Bland.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 392.

Bowen, Nigel Hubert

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1964–73 (Parramatta). Attorney-General (14 December 1966 – 12 November 1969) in the Holt, McEwen and Gorton governments, Minister for Education and Science (12 November 1969 – 22 March 1971) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Minister for Foreign Affairs (2 August 1971 – 5 December 1972), Attorney-General (22 March 1971 – 2 August 1971) in the McMahon government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 74.

Brown, Neil Anthony

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1969–72 and 1975–83 (Diamond Valley) and 1984–91 (Menzies). Minister for Employment and Youth Affairs (16 April 1981 – 7 May 1982), Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs (20 April 1981 – 7 May 1982), Minister for Communication (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983), Minister Assisting the Attorney-General (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 287.

Callaghan, Leonard James (Jim)

British Labour Foreign Secretary 1974–76 and Prime Minister 1976–79.

Cameron, Clyde Robert

Labor Party Member of the House of Representatives 1949–80 (Hindmarsh). Minister for Labour (19 December 1972 – 12 June 1974), Minister for Labour and Immigration (12 June 1974 – 6 June 1975), Minister for Science and Consumer Affairs (6 June 1975 – 11 November 1975) in the Whitlam government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 96.

Campbell, (Sir) Keith

Chair of the 1979–81 inquiry into Australia's financial system and general manager of the Hooker Corporation.

Carlton, James Joseph

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1977–94 (Mackellar). Minister for Health (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983), Minister Assisting the Minister for National Development and Energy (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 304.

Carmody, (Sir) Alan Thomas

Head of the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet 1976–78. Carmody had first joined the Public Service in 1937 and was deputy secretary of the Department of Trade in 1962–66 and head of the Department of Customs and Trade in 1966–76.

Carrick, (Sir) John Leslie

Liberal Party Senator for New South Wales 1971–87. Minister for Housing and Construction and Minister for Urban and Regional Development (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for Education (22 December 1975 – 8 December 1979), Minister Assisting the Prime Minister in Federal Affairs (22 December 1975 – 25 August 1978), Vice-President of the Executive Council (7 August 1978 – 7 May 1982), Minister for National Development and Energy (8 December 1979 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 357.

Carter, James (Jimmy) Earle

Democratic Party President of the United States 1977–81.

Casey, (Lord) Richard Gardiner

Governor-General of Australia (22 September 1965 – 30 April 1969), during the governments of RG Menzies, Harold Holt, John McEwen and John Gorton. As Australian government liaison officer in London 1924–31, Casey was a trusted adviser to SM Bruce, resigning in the cutbacks introduced by James Scullin in 1931. He was a United Australia Party Member of the House of Representatives 1931–40 (Corio) and a Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1949–60 (LaTrobe). Casey was assistant Treasurer (9 November 1934 – 3 October 1935), Minister in charge of development of Scientific and Industrial Research (29 November 1937 – 7 November 1938) in the Lyons government, and Treasurer (3 October 1935 – 26 April 1939) in the Lyons and Page governments. In 1941 John Curtin appointed Casey first Australian Minister to the United States, in 1942–43 he was a member of the British war cabinet, and from 1944–46 Governor of Bengal. In the Menzies government, Casey was Minister for Supply and Development (26 April 1939 – 26 January 1940 and 19 December 1949 – 17 March 1950), Minister for Works and Housing (19 December 1949 – 11 May 1951), Minister for National Development (17 March 1950 – 11 May 1951), Minister in charge of the CSIRO (22 March 1950 – 4 February 1960), Minister for External Territories (26 April 1951 – 11 May 1951), and Minister for External Affairs (26 April 1951 – 4 February 1960). In 1960 he was given a peerage, and became Baron Casey of Berwick, Victoria and the City of Westminster.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 24.

Chipp, Donald (Don) Leslie

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1960–69 (Higinbotham) and 1969–March 1977 (Hotham), Independent Member of the House of Representatives March–November 1977 (Hotham), Democrat Senator for Victoria 1977–86. Minister for the Navy and Minister in charge of Tourist Activities under the Minister for Trade and Industry (14 December 1966 – 28 February 1968) in the Holt, McEwen and Gorton governments, Minister for Customs and Excise (12 November 1969 – 5 December 1972) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Minister Assisting the Minister for National Development (27 May 1971 – 5 December 1972) in the McMahon government, Minister for Social Security, Minister for Health, Minister for Repatriation and Compensation (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975) in the Fraser government. Chipp founded the Australian Democrats in 1977.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 121.

Codd, Michael

Head of the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet and Secretary to Cabinet 1986–92, Codd's first Public Service position was as a statistician 1962–69. He was then deputy head of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet 1978–81, head of the Department of (Employment and) Industrial Relations 1981–82, Chairman of the Industries Assistance Commission 1983–85, and first head of the Department of Community Services 1985–86.

Cole, Bill

Head of the Department of Finance 1976–78, head of the Defence Department 1983–86, chairman of the Public Service Board 1978–83, Australian Statistician 1976, first Assistant Secretary to the Treasury 1972–76.

Coombs, Herbert (Nugget) Cole

Director-General of Postwar Reconstruction 1943–49, and Governor of the Commonwealth and Reserve Banks 1949–68, Coombs had been a Treasury official 1939–42 and Director of Rationing in 1942. After his retirement from the Public Service in 1968 he was chairman of the Australian Council for the Arts/Australia Council 1967–74, chairman of the Council for Aboriginal Affairs 1967–76 and second Chancellor of the Australian National University 1968–76.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 119.

Cotton, Robert Carrington

Liberal Party Senator for New South Wales 1965–78. Minister for Civil Aviation (12 November 1969 – 5 December 1972) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Minister for Manufacturing Industry and Minister for Science and Consumer Affairs (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for Industry and Commerce (22 December 1975 – 20 December 1977) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 201.

Cowen, (Sir) Zelman

Governor-General of Australia 1977–82.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 335.

Daly, (Sir) Thomas

Army Chief-of-Staff in 1965. Chief of General Staff from 1966, Lieutenant-General Daly had served in the 1939–45 war and the war in Korea, and was a friend of John Gorton.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 458.

Deakin, Alfred

Member of the House of Representatives (Ballaarat) for the Protectionist Party 1901–10 and the Liberal Party 1910–13. Deakin was the first Attorney-General, in the Barton government (1901–03), Prime Minister three times (1903–04, 1905–08, 1909–10), and Minister for External Affairs in his own governments in 1903–04 and 1905–08. As a Victorian parliamentarian and leading federationist, Deakin had been a delegate to the 1890 Federation Conference and to both federation Conventions (1891 and 1897–98) and a member of the Constitution Bill deputation in London in 1900.

Read more about Alfred Deakin.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 9.

Deane, (Sir) William Patrick

Governor-General of Australia 1996–2001 and a judge of the High Court 1982–95.

Dolan, Cliff

Secretary of the Australian Council of Trade Unions from 1980.

Drake-Brockman, Thomas Charles

National/Country Party Senator for Western Australia 1958–78. Minister for Air (12 November 1969 – 5 December 1972) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and Minister for Administrative Services (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975) in the Fraser government.

Dunnett, Ralph James

National/Country Party Member of the House of Representatives 1969–89 (Gwydir). Minister for the Interior (5 February 1971 – 5 December 1972) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Minister for Health (22 December 1975 – 8 December 1979), Minister for Transport (8 December 1979 – 7 May 1982), Minister for Transport and Construction (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 311.

Durack, Peter Drew

Liberal Party Senator for Western Australia 1971–93. Attorney-General (6 September 1977 – 11 March 1983), Minister for Repatriation (8 July 1976 – 5 October 1976), Minister for Veteran's Affairs (5 October 1976 – 6 September 1977), Minister for Administrative Services (7 August 1978 – 25 August 1978) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 317.

Elizabeth II, Queen

British monarch and Queen of Australia, succeeding to the throne on the death of her father King George VI in 1952.

Ellicott, Robert (Bob) James

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1974–81 (Wentworth). Attorney-General (22 December 1975 – 6 September 1977), Minister for Home Affairs (20 December 1977 – 3 November 1980), Minister for the Capital Territory (20 December 1977 – 3 November 1980), Minister for Home Affairs and Environment (3 November 1980 – 17 February 1981) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 134.

Fairhall, Allen

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1949–69 (Paterson). Minister for the Interior and Minister for Works (11 January 1956 – 10 December 1958), Minister for Supply (22 December 1961 – 26 January 1966) in the second Menzies government, Minister for Defence (26 January 1966 – 12 November 1969) in the Holt, McEwen and Gorton governments.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 37.

Fife, Wallace (Wal) Clyde

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1975–84 (Farrer) and 1984–93 (Hume). Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs (17 July 1977 – 8 December 1979), Minister for Education (8 December 1979 – 7 May 1982), Minister Assisting the Prime Minister in Federal Affairs (25 August 1978 – 8 December 1979 and 3 November 1980 – 8 March 1983), Minister for Aviation (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

Fraser, Tamara (Tamie)

Prime ministerial wife 1974–83.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 308.

Garland, Ransley Victor

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1969–81 (Curtin). Minister for Supply (2 August 1971 – 5 December 1972), Minister Assisting the Treasurer (21 March 1972 – 5 December 1972) in the McMahon government, Minister for Post and Telecommunication (22 December 1975 – 6 February 1976), Minister Assisting the Treasurer (22 December 1975 – 6 February 1976), Minister for Veteran’s Affairs (6 September 1977 – 4 July 1978), Minister Assisting the Minister for Industry and Commerce (8 December 1979 – 3 November 1980), Minister for Special Trade Representation (20 December 1977 – 8 December 1979), Minister Assisting the Minister for Trade and Resources (20 December 1977 – 8 December 1979), Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs (8 December 1979 – 3 November 1980) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 70.

Garnaut, Ross

Chair of Australia’s Climate Change Review 2008 and Professor of Economics at the Australian National University. Garnaut also served the government of Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser as a trade negotiator and in 1980 was Deputy Chair of the first Pacific Economic Conference (now the Asia-Pacific Economic Conference). From 1983 he was an influential economic adviser to Prime Minister Bob Hawke and was Australia’s Ambassador to China 1985–88.

Garran, (Sir) Robert Randolph

Appointed first head of the Attorney-General’s department and parliamentary draftsman on 1 January 1901, Garran remained in this post until 5 February 1932. He served the governments of ten prime ministers, Barton, Deakin, Watson, Reid, Fisher, Cook, Hughes, Bruce, Scullin and Lyons. As a young Sydney federationist in Barton’s circle, Garran had been secretary to the 1897–98 Constitutional drafting committee.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 396.

Gorton, John Grey

Liberal Party Senator for Victoria 1950–68 and Member of the House of Representatives 1968–75 (Higgins), Gorton was Prime Minister in 1968–71. Minister for Education and Science (1966–68) in the Holt, McEwen and Gorton governments, Minister for the Navy (1958–63), minister assisting the Minister for External Affairs (1960–63), Minister in charge of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (1962–63), Minister for the Interior (1963–64) in the second Menzies government, Minister for Works (1963–67), Minister in charge of Commonwealth Activities in Education and Research under the Prime Minister (1963–66) in the second Menzies and Holt governments, Minister for Defence (1971) in the McMahon government.

Read more about John Gorton.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 136.

Greenwood, Ivor John

Liberal Party Senator for Victoria 1968–76. Minister for Health (22 March 1971 – 2 August 1971) and Attorney-General (2 August 1971 – 5 December 1972) in the McMahon government, Attorney-General (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for Police and Customs (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for Environment, Housing and Community Development (22 December 1975 – 8 July 1976) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 153.

Groom, Raymond (Ray) John

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1975–84 (Braddon). Minister for Environment, Housing and Community Development (20 December 1977 – 5 December 1978), Minister Assisting the Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations (20 December 1977 – 5 December 1978), Minister for Housing and Construction (5 December 1978 – 3 November 1980) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 376.

Guilfoyle, (Dame) Margaret Georgina Constance

Liberal Party Senator for Victoria 1971–87. Minister for Education (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for Social Security (22 December 1975 – 3 November 1980), Minister Assisting the Prime Minister in Child Care Matters (22 December 1975 – 23 June 1976), Minister for Finance (3 November 1980 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 417.

Hawke, Robert (Bob) James Lee

Labor Party Member of the House of Representatives 1980–92 (Wills) and Prime Minister 1983–91.

Read more about Bob Hawke.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 390.

Hodges, John Charles

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1974–87 (Petrie). Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 421.

Hodgman, William Michael

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1975–87 (Denison). Minister for the Capital Territory (3 November 1980 – 11 March 1983), Minister Assisting the Minister for Industry and Commerce (3 November 1980 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 155.

Holt, Harold Edward

Member of the House of Representatives for the United Australia Party 1935–44 and the Liberal Party 1944–49 (Fawkner), Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1949–67 (Higgins) and Prime Minister 1966–67. He was minister without portfolio assisting the Minister for Supply and Development (26 April 1939 – 14 March 1940), minister without portfolio assisting the Minister for Trade and Customs (23 February 1940 – 14 March 1940), Minister in charge of Scientific and Industrial Research (28 October 1940 – 29 August 1941) in the first Menzies government, Minister for Labour and National Service (28 October 1940 – 7 October 1941 and 19 December 1949 – 10 December 1958) in both the Menzies and Fadden governments, Minister for Immigration (19 December 1949 – 24 October 1956) and Treasurer (10 December 1958 – 26 January 1966) in the second Menzies government.

Read more about Harold Holt.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 27.

Howard, John Winston

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1974–2007 (Bennelong). Prime Minister (11 March 1996 – 3 December 2007), Treasurer (19 November 1977 – 11 March 1983), Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs (22 December 1975 – 17 July 1977), Minister for Special Trade Negotiation (17 September 1977 – 20 December 1977), Minister Assisting the Prime Minister (24 May 1977 – 20 December 1977), Minister for Finance (23 February 1979 – 27 February 1979) in the Fraser government.

Read more about John Howard.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 197.

Jones, Kenneth Norman

Head, Department of Administrative Services 1983–84, head, Department of Education (and Youth Affairs) 1973–83, first assistant secretary, Department of Education (and Science) 1966–73, Prime Minister’s Department 1955–66.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 398.

Kemp, David Alistair

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1990–2004 (Goldstein). Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for the Public Service (11 March 1996 – 17 March 1996 and 18 July 1997 – 26 November 2001), Minister Assisting the Minister for Finance for Privatisation (11 March 1996 – 9 October 1997), Minister for Schools, Vocational Education and Training (11 March 1996 – 9 October 1997), Minister for Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs (9 October 1997 – 21 October 1998), Minister for Education, Training and Youth Affairs (21 October 1998 – 26 November 2001), Vice-President of the Executive Council (21 October 1998 – 14 July 2004), Minister for Environment and Heritage (26 November 2001 – 14 July 2004) in the Howard government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 690.

Kennedy, John Fitzgerald

Democratic Party President of the United States 1961–63. President Kennedy was assassinated on 22 November 1963.

Kerr, (Sir) John Robert

Governor-General of Australia 1974–77.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 266.

Killen, Denis James (Jim)

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1955–83 (Moreton). Minister for the Navy (12 November 1969 – 22 March 1971) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Minister for Defence (11 November 1975 – 7 May 1982), Vice-President of the Executive Council (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 46.

Kissinger, Henry Alfred

Security adviser to United States Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford 1969–77.

Lane-Poole, Ruth

Interior designer for The Lodge and Government House, Yarralumla from 29 March 1926. Only Australian timbers were used, the chief adviser being Lane-Poole’s husband Charles, Inspector-General of Forests and appointed by the Bruce–Page government as first head of the new Australian Forestry School in Canberra in 1927. Ruth Lane-Poole had been contracted by the Federal Capital Commission after she had furnished several fashionable homes in Melbourne as a consultant to Myers Pty Ltd, and at the time she was a regular contributor to the new Australian Home Beautiful.

Lynch, Phillip Reginald

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1966–82 (Flinders). Minister for the Army (28 February 1968 – 12 November 1969) in the Gorton government, Minister for Immigration and Minister Assisting the Treasurer (12 November 1969 – 22 March 1971) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Minister for Labour and National Service (22 March 1971 – 5 December 1972) in the McMahon government, Treasurer (11 November 1975 – 19 November 1977), Minister for Finance (7 December 1976 – 19 November 1977), Minister for Industry and Commerce (20 December 1977 – 7 May 1982) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 76.

Lyons, Joseph Aloysius

Labor Member of the House of Representatives 1929–31 and United Australia Party member 1931–39 (Wilmot), Postmaster-General and Minister for Works and Railways 1929–31 in the Scullin government, Prime Minister 1932–39, Treasurer 1932–35, Minister for Health, and Repatriation 1935–36. Lyons had been a Tasmanian parliamentarian 1909–28 and was state Premier 1923–28.

Read more about Joseph Lyons.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 254.

Macphee, Ian Malcolm

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1974–84 (Balaclava) and 1984–90 (Goldstein). Minister Assisting the Prime Minister in Women’s Affairs (8 November 1976 – 20 December 1977), Minister for Productivity (8 November 1976 – 8 December 1979), Minister Assisting the Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations (8 November 1976 – 20 December 1977), Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs (8 December 1979 – 7 May 1982), Minister Assisting the Treasurer (8 December 1979 – 3 November 1980), Minister Assisting the Minister for Industry and Commerce (5 December 1978 – 8 December 1979), Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 306.

McEwen, John

Country Party Member of the House of Representatives 1934–37 (Echuca) 1937–49 (Indi), 1949–71 (Murray) and Party leader 1956–71. Prime Minister (19 December 1967 – 10 January 1968), Minister for Trade and Industry (19 December 1967 – 10 January 1968), Minister for the Interior (29 November 1937 – 26 April 1939) in the Lyons and Page governments, Minister for External Affairs (14 March 1940 – 28 October 1940), Minister for Air and Minister for Civil Aviation (28 October 1940 – 7 October 1941) in the first Menzies and Fadden governments, Minister for Commerce and Agriculture (19 December 1949 – 11 January 1956), Minister for Trade (11 January 1956 – 18 December 1963), Minister for Trade and Industry (18 December 1963 – 5 February 1971) in the second Menzies, Holt and Gorton governments, Deputy Prime Minister (10 January 1968 – 5 February 1971) in the Gorton government.

Read more about John McEwen.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 47.

McKellar, Michael John Randal

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1969–94 (Warringah). Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs (22 December 1975 – 8 December 1979), Minister Assisting the Prime Minister (8 December 1979 – 3 November 1980), Minister for Health (8 December 1979 – 20 April 1982), Minister Assisting the Treasurer (25 August 1978 – 8 December 1979), Minister for Home Affairs and Environment (17 February 1981 – 19 March 1981) in the Fraser government.

McLeay, John Elden

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1966–81 (Boothby). Assistant Minister Assisting the Minister for Civil Aviation (20 August 1971 – 5 December 1972) in the McMahon government, Minister for Construction (22 December 1975 – 5 December 1978), Minister Assisting the Minister for Defence (22 December 1975 – 3 November 1980), Minister for Administrative Services (5 December 1978 – 3 November 1980) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 191.

McMahon, (Sir) William

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1949–82 (Lowe). Prime Minister (10 March 1971 – 5 December 1972), Minister for Foreign Affairs (6 November 1970 – 22 March 1971) in the Gorton government and his own, Minister for the Navy and Minister for Air (17 July 1951 – 9 July 1954), Minister for Social Services (9 July 1954 – 28 February 1956), Minister for Primary Industry (11 January 1956 – 10 December 1958), Minister for Labour and National Service (10 December 1958 – 26 January 1966), Vice-President of the Executive Council (10 June 1964 – 26 January 1966) in the second Menzies government, Treasurer (26 January 1966 –12 November 1969) in the Holt, McEwen and Gorton governments, Minister for External Affairs (12 November 1969 – 6 November 1970) in the Gorton government.

Read more about William McMahon.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 41.

McVeigh, Daniel Thomas

National/Country Party Member of the House of Representatives 1972–84 (Darling Downs) and 1984–88 (Groom). Minister for Housing and Construction (3 November 1980 – 7 May 1982), Minister Assisting the Minister for Trade and Resources (3 November 1980 – 11 March 1983), Minister for Home Affairs and Environment (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 288.

Menadue, John

Menadue was head of the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet in 1974–76, Australia’s Ambassador to Japan 1976–80, head of the Department of Immigration and Ethnic Affairs 1980–83, head of the Department of the Special Minister of State 1983, and head of the Department of Trade 1983–86. He was head of Qantas 1986–89, and a director of Telstra 1994–96. Menadue had been a research officer at the Australian Bureau of Census and Statistics, then private secretary to Gough Whitlam as Leader of the Opposition in 1960–67. In 1967–74 he was general manager of Rupert Murdoch’s News Limited.

Menzies, (Sir) Robert Gordon

United Australia Party/Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives (Kooyong) 1934–66 and Prime Minister 1939–41 and 1949–66. During his terms as Prime Minister he also served as Treasurer (26 April 1939 – 14 March 1940), Minister for Defence Co-ordination (13 November 1939 – 29 August 1941), Minister for Trade and Customs (23 February 1940 – 14 March 1940), Minister for Information (14 March 1940 – 13 December 1940), Minister for Munitions (11 June 1940 – 28 October 1940), Vice-President of the Executive Council (7 March 1951 – 11 May 1951), Minister for External Affairs (4 February 1960 – 22 December 1961), Minister in charge of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (22 December 1961 – 16 February 1962). In the Lyons government Menzies had been Attorney-General (1934–39) and Minister for Industry (1934–39). In the Fadden government he was Minister for Defence Co-ordination (29 August 1941 – 7 October 1941). He had been a Victorian parliamentarian 1928–34.

Read more about Robert Menzies.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 54.

Messner, Anthony John

Liberal Party Senator for South Australia 1975–90. Minister for Veterans’ Affairs (3 November 1980 – 11 March 1983), Minister Assisting the Treasurer (3 November 1980 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 232.

Moore, John Colinton

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1975–2001 (Ryan). Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs (3 November 1980 – 20 April 1981) in the Fraser government, Minister for Industry, Science and Tourism (11 March 1996 – 21 October 1998), Vice-President of the Executive Council (11 March 1996 – 21 October 1998), Minister for Defence (21 October 1998 – 30 January 2001) in the Howard government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 284.

Mugabe, Robert

Prime Minister of Zimbabwe 1980–87. Executive President 1987– .

Newman, Kevin Eugene

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1975–84 (Bass). Minister for Environment, Housing and Community Development (8 July 1976 – 20 December 1977), Minister for Repatriation (22 December 1975 – 8 July 1976), Minister Assisting the Prime Minister in Federal Affairs (8 December 1979 – 3 November 1980), Minister for National Development (20 December 1977 – 3 December 1979), Minister for Productivity (8 December 1979 – 3 November 1980), Minister for Administrative Services (3 November 1980 – 11 March 1983), Minister Assisting the Minister for Defence (3 November 1980 – 7 May 1982) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 230.

Nixon, Peter James

National/Country Party Member of the House of Representatives 1961–83 (Gippsland). Minister for the Interior (16 October 1967 – 5 February 1971) in the Holt, McEwen and Gorton governments, Minister for Shipping and Transport (5 February 1971 – 5 December 1972) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Minister for Transport (11 November 1975 – 8 December 1979), Postmaster-General (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for Primary Industry (27 September 1979 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 83.

Peacock, Andrew Sharp

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1966–94 (Kooyong). Minister Assisting the Prime Minister (12 November 1969 – 27 May 1971), Minister for the Army (12 November 1969 – 2 February 1972) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Minister for External Territories (25 January 1972 – 5 December 1972), Minister Assisting the Treasurer (27 May 1971 – 2 February 1972) in the McMahon government, Minister for Foreign Affairs (11 November 1975 – 3 November 1980), Minister for Environment (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for Industrial Relations (3 November 1980 – 16 April 1981), Minister for Industry and Commerce (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government. Ambassador to the United States 1997–2000.

Petrov, Vladimir

With Evdokia Petrov an intelligence officer at the Soviet Embassy in Canberra until both defected in 1954, triggering a Royal Commission into Soviet espionage in Australia.

Ramsey, Alan

A journalist on Rupert Murdoch’s The Australian when it was established in 1964 and a correspondent during the war in Vietnam, Ramsay became a prominent member of the parliamentary press gallery and political feature writer with the Sydney Morning Herald until his retirement in 2008. His 56 years as a journalist spanned the governments of eleven of Australia’s 26 prime ministers.

Rankin, (Dame) Annabelle Jane Mary

Liberal Party Senator for Queensland 1947–71. Minister for Housing (26 January 1966 – 22 March 1971) in the Holt, McEwen, Gorton and McMahon governments.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 137.

Reagan, Ronald

Republican Party President of the United States of America 1981–88.

Reid, Alan

A member of the parliamentary press gallery in the 1930s, Reid wrote for the Sydney Sun in the 1930s and 1940s, then for Frank Packer’s Daily Telegraph.

Robinson, Eric Laidlaw

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1972–81 (McPherson). Minister for Post and Minister for Telecommunications (6 February 1976 – 20 December 1977), Minister Assisting the Treasurer (6 February 1976 – 7 December 1977), Minister for the Capital Territory (22 December 1975 – 16 February 1976), Minister for Finance (20 December 1977 – 23 February 1979 and 27 February 1979 – 3 November 1980) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 542.

Scott, Douglas Barr

National/Country Party Senator for New South Wales 1970–85. Minister for Special Trade Representation (8 December 1979 – 19 August 1980), Minister Assisting the Minister for Trade and Resources (8 December 1979 – 19 August 1980) in the Fraser government.

Sheil, Glenister

National Country Party Senator for Queensland 1974–90. Member of the Executive Council (20 December 1977 – 21 December 1977) in the Fraser government.

Sinclair, Ian McCahon

National/Country Party Member of the House of Representatives 1963–98 (New England). Minister for Social Services (22 February 1965 – 28 February 1968) in the second Menzies, McEwen and Gorton governments, Minister Assisting the Minister of Trade and Industry (14 December 1966 – 5 February 1971) in the Holt, McEwen and Gorton governments, Minister for Shipping and Transport (28 February 1968 – 5 February 1971) in the Gorton government, Minister for Primary Industry (5 February 1971 – 5 December 1972) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Minister for Agriculture (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for Northern Australia (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for Primary Industry (22 December 1975 – 27 September 1979), Minister for Special Trade Representation (19 August 1980 – 3 November 1980), Minister for Communication (3 November 1980 – 7 May 1982), Minister for Defence (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 426.

Slim, (Sir) William Joseph

Governor-General of Australia 1953–60

Snedden, (Sir) Billy Mackie

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1955–83 (Bruce). Member of the Executive Council without Office (18 December 1963 – 4 March 1964) in the second Menzies government, Attorney-General (4 March 1964 – 14 December 1966) in the second Menzies and Holt governments, Minister for Immigration (14 December 1966 – 12 November 1969) in the Holt, McEwen and Gorton governments, Minister for Labour and National Service (12 November 1969 – 22 March 1971) in the Gorton and McMahon governments, Treasurer (22 March 1971 – 5 December 1972) in the McMahon government. Leader of the Opposition (20 December 1972 – 21 March 1975).

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 77.

Soeharto

President of Indonesia 1968–98.

Staley, Anthony Allan

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1970–80 (Chisholm). Minister for the Capital Territory (16 February 1976 – 20 December 1977), Minister Assisting the Prime Minister in matters concerning Arts (11 October 1976 – 20 December 1977), Minister for Post and Telecommunications (20 December 1977 – 3 November 1980) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 233.

Stephen, (Sir) Ninian

Governor-General of Australia 1982–89.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 457.

Stone, John Owen

National Party Senator for Queensland. Stone had been a Treasury official from 1954, serving as head of Treasury 1979–84. Stone was Australia’s executive director in the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank in Washington.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 489.

Street, Anthony Austin

Liberal Party Member of the House of the Representatives 1966–84 (Corangamite). Assistant Minister Assisting the Minister for Labour and National Service (20 August 1971 – 5 December 1972) in the McMahon government, Minister for Labour and Immigration (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations (22 December 1975 – 5 December 1978), Minister Assisting the Prime Minister in Public Service Matters (22 December 1975 – 20 December 1977), Minister Assisting the Prime Minister in Women’s Affairs (16 August 1976 – 8 November 1976), Minister for Industrial Relations (5 December 1978 – 2 November 1980), Minister for Foreign Affairs (3 November 1980 – 7 May 1982) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 203.

Thatcher, (Lady) Margaret

Britain’s Conservative Prime Minister 1979–90.

Thomson, David Scott

National/Country Party Member of the House of Representatives 1975–83 (Leichhardt). Minister for Science and the Environment (8 December 1979 – 3 November 1980), Minister for Science and Technology (3 November 1980 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 307.

Viner, Robert Ian

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1972–83 (Stirling). Minister for Aboriginal Affairs (22 December 1975 – 5 December 1978), Minister for Employment and Youth Affairs (5 December 1975 – 16 April 1981), Minister Assisting the Treasurer (7 December 1977 – 20 December 1977), Minister Assisting the Prime Minister (20 December 1977 – 8 December 1979 and 3 November 1980 – 7 May 1982), Minister for Industrial Relations (16 April 1981 – 7 May 1982), Minister for Defence Support (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983), Minister Assisting the Minister for Defence (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 316.

Webster, James Joseph

National/Country Party Senator for Victoria 1964–80. Minister for Science (22 December 1975 – 5 December 1978), Minister for Science and the Environment (5 December 1978 – 8 December 1979) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 217.

Wheeler, (Sir) Frederick Henry

Head of the Department of Treasury 1971–78 and Chairman of the Public Service Board 1960–71, Wheeler was a Treasury official 1946–52.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 340.

Whitlam, Edward Gough

Labor Party Member of the House of Representatives 1952–78 (Werriwa). Prime Minister (5 December 1972 – 11 November 1975), Minister for Foreign Affairs, Treasurer, Attorney-General, Minister for Customs and Excise, Minister for Trade and Industry, Minister for Shipping and Transport, Minister for Education and Science, Minister for Civil Aviation, Minister for Housing, Minister for Works, Minister for External Territories, Minister for Environment, Aborigines and the Arts (5 December 1972 – 19 December 1972) in his first two-man ministry, Minister for Foreign Affairs (19 December 1972 – 6 November 1973), Minister for Environment (2 July 1975 – 14 July 1975).

Read more about Gough Whitlam.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 99.

Wilson, (Sir) Harold

Labour Member of the House of Commons 1945–76 and Britain’s Prime Minister 1964–70 and 1974–76. Entered the House of Lords as Lord Wilson of Rievaulx in 1983.

Wilson, Ian Bonython Cameron

Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives 1966–69 and 1972–93 (Sturt). Minister for Home Affairs and Environment (19 March 1981 – 7 May 1982), Minister for Aboriginal Affairs (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983), Minister Assisting the Minister for Social Security (7 May 1982 – 11 March 1983) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 263.

Withers, Reginald Greive

Liberal Party Senator for Western Australia 1966 and 1968–87. Special Minister of State, Minister for the Capital Territory, Minister for Media and Minister for Tourism and Recreation (11 November 1975 – 22 December 1975), Vice-President of the Executive Council (11 November 1975 – 7 August 1978), Minister for Administrative Services (22 December 1975 – 7 August 1978) in the Fraser government.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 177.

Yeend, (Sir) Geoffrey

Secretary, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet 1978-86. Yeend joined the Public Service in 1945, and worked in the Department of Postwar Reconstruction and Department of the Prime Minister, then as private secretary to the Prime Minister in 1952–55 and Assistant Secretary at the Australian High Commission in London 1958–60, before returning to the Prime Minister's Department.

National Archives of Australia Commonwealth Person CP 982.

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